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stores function in coal mines

COMPANY STORES OF THE HOCKING VALLEY COAL FIELD:

1988a). The most celebrated of these coal mining artifacts are the company stores. From the late nineteenth century through World War II, the company store was a common feature of mining camps throughout the Appalachian Coalfield. Significant not because of its form, but because of its function, the stores

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The Company Store Comes Out of the Coal Mines The New

Jun 22, 1975· The Company Store Comes Out of the Coal Mines. By Leonard Sloane. June 22, 1975; Company store managers, usually, are like ?? markup as a function

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Company Store Scrip Appalachian History

Sep 28, 2018· This was especially widespread in the coal fields of Appalachia, where many miners also lived in company owned towns. In these company towns, or “coal camps,” the only store in town was usually owned or run on behalf of the coal company. In theory, scrip was an advance against unearned wages and usable only by the employee to whom it was

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Company store Wikipedia

A company store is a retail store selling a limited range of food, clothing and daily necessities to employees of a company. It is typical of a company town in a remote area where virtually everyone is employed by one firm, such as a coal mine. In a company town, the housing is owned by the company but there may be independent stores there or nearby. A company store may also refer to a company's merchandise store, in which fans of a company or bran

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Did Coal Miners 'Owe Their Souls to the Company Store

Miners and operators agreed that during initial stages of mine development, company provision of stores and housing was a necessity. Population density in mining regions was generally very low, with few if any existing stores or homes. Opening a mine was a risky proposition; mines expanded, contracted, and closed with fluctuations in coal

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The Company Store Perryopolis

Just about every coal patch had a Company Store, so-called because the coal company owned it. See below to learn how the coal companies took the miners’ pay right back from them by forcing them to shop at the Company Store. This photograph was made in about 1900 by the Webmaster’s grandfather, George A. Baughman.

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Coal Scrip Guide to Value, Marks, History WorthPoint

Feb 16, 2021· Small communities called coal camps sprang up near active seams centered around the mines and mining companies. In many of these coal camps, the mining companies established company stores that assumed the functions of general merchandise and dry goods retailers, entertainment facilities, and even post offices.

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8 Methods For Protecting Coal Miners

concentrations during overburden drilling in surface coal mining operations. 8.3.2 Ventilation Underground coal mines are required to be mechanically ventilated [30 CFR 75.300-75.3301. The purpose of mechanical ventilation is to provide fresh air to the underground miners and to carry off toxic and explosive gases and dusts.

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Did Coal Miners 'Owe Their Souls to the Company Store

Miners and operators agreed that during initial stages of mine development, company provision of stores and housing was a necessity. Population density in mining regions was generally very low, with few if any existing stores or homes. Opening a mine was a risky proposition; mines expanded, contracted, and closed with fluctuations in coal

More

The Company Store Perryopolis

Just about every coal patch had a Company Store, so-called because the coal company owned it. See below to learn how the coal companies took the miners’ pay right back from them by forcing them to shop at the Company Store. This photograph was made in about 1900 by the Webmaster’s grandfather, George A. Baughman.

More

Whipple Company Store Scarbro, West Virginia Atlas Obscura

Today this former coal company store functions as the repository for memories for generations of West Virginians, for whom the act of mining for coal has long ago ceased to be a mere job, having

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8 Methods For Protecting Coal Miners

concentrations during overburden drilling in surface coal mining operations. 8.3.2 Ventilation Underground coal mines are required to be mechanically ventilated [30 CFR 75.300-75.3301. The purpose of mechanical ventilation is to provide fresh air to the underground miners and to carry off toxic and explosive gases and dusts.

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History of coal mining Wikipedia

The history of Coal mining goes back thousands of years, with early mines documented in ancient China, the Roman Empire and other early historical economies. It became important in the Industrial Revolution of the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was primarily used to power steam engines, heat buildings and generate electricity. Coal mining continues as an important economic activity today

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Motor Technology for Mining Applications Advances Coal Age

Aug 12, 2009· Electric motors are an integral part of mining and mineral processing and, more recently, several trends have been taking place above and below ground. Historically, the mining business used a lot of DC motors. Steadily those motors are being replaced with AC motors, especially in underground coal mining applications.

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Coal Mining Documentary The Most Dangerous Job On Earth

Nov 09, 2017· Coal Mining Documentary The Most Dangerous Job On Earth Classic HistoryCoal mining is the process of extracting coal from the ground. Coal is valued for

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Subsidence in coal mines SlideShare

May 06, 2011· Factors Affecting Mine SubsidenceSeveral geologic and mining parameters and the nature of the structure affect the magnitude and extent of subsidence that occur due to coal mining Effective Seam Thickness Multiple Seams Seam Depth Dip of Seam flat, moderately inclined, steeply inclined Competence of Mine Roof and Floor strong or weak

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Coal Mines in Harlan USGenWeb sites

Coal Mines in Harlan County Kentucky Compiled from Dodrill's 10,000 Coal Company Stores each listing contains the following COMPANY COMMUNITY COUNTY YEARS OF OPERATION EMPLOYEES. Ages Ridge Coal Company Ages Harlan 1914-1915 75 East Harlan Coal

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'Rape Rooms': How West Virginia Women Paid Off Coal

Oct 02, 2015· Coal miners would not have tolerated such treatment of women, he said in a 20-minute documentary produced by Catherine Moore. “Those men I know from years of

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History of coal miners Wikipedia

Miners in remote coal camps were often dependent upon the company store, a store that miners had to use because they were often paid only in company scrip or coal scrip, redeemable at the store, which often charged higher prices than other stores. Many miners' homes were also owned by the mines.

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MISC. WINDBER FIELD

A surface coal mine in northern Somerset County, PA in 2003. (Mar. 2003 image by author) This building was a pump station for Eureaka No. 30 mine near Windber. (2015 image courtesy of G.S.) Remnant near Dunlo, Pa. of the Henrietta No. 2 coal mine of the Henrietta Coal Mining Co.

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Company scrip Wikipedia

The use of coal scrip dates to the late 1800s as coal companies looked for a way to eliminate keeping large cash reserves. Rather than receiving compensation in United States currency, many miners received payment entirely in scrip, which could be used only at the town store, eliminating any prospects of acquiring generational wealth.

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History : Coal City Illinois

Coal mines owned company stores that supplied for the miners, these stores included shoes, groceries, dry goods, and meats. These purchases were then subtracted from the miners’ paychecks. The population fluctuated as old mines closed and new mines opened. As miners

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